Risk Management


Biosafety Science
Estimate Hazard
Estimate Exposure
Risk Assessment and Characterization
Risk Management
Protocols and Procedures
EPA Risk Assessment Review Process


Risk management must factor in the type of risk and an individual's acceptance of the particular risk. Thus, one will accept a higher degree of risk to accomplish an important (to oneself) function. It is acceptable to drive at high speed even though it increases the risk of accident and greatly increases the risk of serious injury while it may not be acceptable to inhale second hand smoke even though the inhalation poses a much lower risk of adverse effect (perhaps one in 10,000 vs one in 1 million). Risk assessors (or statisticians) have calculated the probability of adverse effect on humans resulting from a diverse list of activities. Thus, it has been calculated that the risk of harm (bodily injury or disease) resulting from, for example, drinking a glass of wine a day, spending six minutes in a canoe, riding ten miles on a bicycle or flying 1000 miles is approximately equal. This is generally followed by risk management or decision making (based on the scientific and legal options available).

Last Modified: June 12, 2001
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